Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC
In terms of the Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC (article 2) a “machine” is classified as an assembly, fitted with or intended to be fitted with a drive system other than directly applied human or animal effort, consisting of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves, and which are joined together for a specific application.
The scope of the Machinery Directive also extends to
• plants (assemblies)
• interchangeable equipments
• safety components
• lifting accessoires
• chains, ropes and webbing
• removable mechanical transmission devices
• partly completed machinery
they also have to bee seen as machines in terms of this directive.
The Machinery Directive does not apply to components.
Implemenation of the Directive
„New“ and „reconditioned“ machines are subject to Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC. However, for “used” machines the Directive for working equipment has to be applied.
When modifying used machines it has to be examined whether this change results in formation of a new machine or not (esential modification or non-essential modification). To that effect the respective Directives have to be applied.
As complex machines and construction groups are often equipped with a controller, they don’t only fall into the category of the Machinery Directive but also the Low-Voltage-Directive 2014/35/EU and/or the EC-Directive for electromagnetical compatibility 2014/30/EU.
Machines and construction groups may also, according to their intended use, fall in the category of the Directive for explosion protection as well as the Directive for pressure equipment.